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全国2010年10月高等教育自学考试高级英语试题

来源:深圳自考网 发表时间:2010-11-30

全国2010年10月高等教育自学考试高级英语试题
课程代码:00600

全部题目用英文作答(翻译题除外),并将答案写在答题纸相应位置上
I. The following paragraphs are taken from the textbooks, followed by a list of words or expressions marked A to Y. Choose the one that best completes each of the sentences and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. One word or expression for each blank only. (25 points, 1 point for each)

Today’s heroes—some of them, anyway—tell us they enjoy their 1 . "And I 2 to myself at the men and the ladies. Who never 3 of us billion-dollar babies." The 4
"culture hero" who 5 that is Alice Cooper.

If I said that being black is a greater 6 than being a woman, probably no one would 7
me. Why? Because "we all know" there is 8 against black people in America. That there is prejudice against women is an idea that still 9 nearly all men—and, I am afraid, most women—as 10 .

There is, however, another 11 possessed by the best work, which is even more important as a 12 of happiness than is the exercise of 13 . This is the element of constructiveness. In some work, though by no 14 in most, something is built up which remains as a 15 when
the work is completed.

My own state of mind, when I left Watts eight years ago to take up the 16 year at Whittier College, was 17 . It was to me less of a 18 ; it was the stepping off point of an Odyssey that was to take me through Whittier College and Oxford University, to Yale Law School, and back to Watts. I had 19 then, as now, to make Watts my 20 .

Well, it’s a good life and a good 21 , all said and 22 , if you don’t 23 , and if you know that the big wide world hasn’t 24 from you yet, no, not by a long way, though it won’t be long now. The float bobbed more violently than before and, with a 25 on his face, he began to wind in the reel.


A. handicap

B. element

C. weaken

D. means

E. heard

F. question

G. freshman

H. home

I. strikes

J. done

K. source

L. different

M. conceived

N. particular

O. grin

R skill

Q. laughed

R. prejudice

S. monument

T. sings

U. rewards

V. departure

W. intended

X. world

Y. bizarre

II. Each of the following sentences is given four choices of words or expressions. Choose the right one to complete the sentence and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (15 points, 1 point for each)
26. The citizens are grateful to the government for the ______ environment.
A. wholesome
B. wholesale
C. noisome
D. tiresome
27. The farmers’ ______ from the contest aroused heated debates.
A. omission
B. exclusion
C. inclusion
D. emission
28. He owed his victory to endurance and ______.
A. instance
B. existence
C. subsistence
D. perseverance
29. He killed his enemy and received a ______ wound himself.
A. moral
B. fateful
C. mortal
D. factual
30. To remove the paint, he had to apply a knife to ______ the table.
A. scrape
B. rub
C. dab
D. peel
31. The local government decided to ______ money for the building of a new post office.
A. distribute
B. spanide
C. contribute
D. allot
32. She was ______ of her notorious family scandal.
A. shameful
B. shameless
C. ashamed
D. shamed
33. Since then, the contrast between his two careers has become even more ______.
A. symbolized
B. distinguished
C. predominated
D. pronounced
34. I recall how ______ it was years ago when people littered everywhere in our city.
A. annoying
B. scaring
C. frightening
D. humiliating
35. I don’t complain about the smoking ______ because I hate watching people smoking in hospitals.
A. programs
B. restrictions
C. arguments
D. advertisements
36. His muscles are firmest and his ______ colds and infections is highest.
A. ignorance of
B. independence of
C. resistance to
D. attribution to
37. Regardless of ______ poll results, a number of objections have been published in newspapers.
A. practical
B. sensible
C. favorable
D. outstanding
38. At British universities, it is ______ to cease work and spend a half-hour or so sipping tea and eating cookies with the members of one’s department.
A. satisfactory
B. extraordinary
C. contemporary
D. customary
39. The concentration of populations in cities has given ______ to many problems of housing, education, and medical services.
A. rise
B. reason
C. result
D. response
40. This discovery is highly ______ in the circle of science.
A. measured
B. appreciated
C. calculated
D. experimented

Read the following passage carefully and complete the succeeding three items III, IV, V.
A Wrong Man in Workers’ Paradise
(1) The man had never believed in mere utility.
(2) Having had no useful work, he indulged in mad whims. He made little pieces of sculpture—men, women and castle, quaint earthen things dotted over with sea-shells. He painted. Thus he wasted his time on all that was useless, needless. People laughed at him. At times he vowed to shake off his whims, but they lingered in his mind.
(3) Some boys seldom ply their books and yet pass their tests. A similar thing happened to this man. He spent his earth life in useless work and yet after his death the gates of Heaven opened wide for him.
(4) But mistakes are unavoidable even in Heaven. So it came to pass that the aerial messenger who took charge of the man made a mistake and found him a place in Workers’ Paradise.
(5) In this Paradise you find everything except leisure.
(6) Here men say: "God! We haven’t a moment to spare." Women whisper: "Let’s move on, time’s a-flying." All exclaim: "Time is precious." "We have our hands full, we make use of every single minute," they sigh complainingly, and yet those words make them happy and exalted.
(7) But this newcomer, who had passed all his life on Earth without doing a scrap of useful work, did not fit in with the scheme of things in Workers’ Paradise. He lounged in the streets absently and jostled the hurrying men. He lay down in green meadows, or close to the fast flowing streams, and was taken to task by busy farmers. He was always in the way of others.
(8) A hustling girl went every day to a silent torrent (silent, since in the Workers’ Paradise even a torrent would not waste its energy singing) to fill her pitcher.
(9) The girl’s movement on the road was like the rapid movement of a skilled hand on the strings of a guitar. Her hair was carelessly done; inquisitive wisps stooped often over her forehead to peer at the dark wonder of her eye.
(10) The idler was standing by the stream. As a princess sees a lonely beggar and is filled with pity, so the busy girl of Heaven saw this one and was filled with pity.
(11 ) "A—ha !" she cried with concern. "You have no work in hand, have you?"
(12) The man sighed, "Work! I have not a moment to spare for work."
(13) The girl did not understand his words, and said: "I shall spare some work for you to do, if you like."
(14) The man replied: "Girl of the silent torrent, all this time I have been waiting to take some work from your hands."
(15) "What kind of work would you like?"
(16) "Will you give me one of your pitchers, one that you can spare?"
(17) She asked: "A pitcher? You want to draw water from the torrent?"
(18) "No, I shall draw pictures on your pitcher."
(19) The girl was annoyed.
(20) "Pictures, indeed! I have no time to waste on such as you. I am going." And she walked away.
(21) But how could a busy person get the better of one who had nothing to do? Every day they met, and every day he said to her: "Girl of the silent torrent, give me one of your clay pitchers. I shall draw pictures on it."
(22) She yielded at last. She gave him one of her pitchers. The man started painting. He drew line after line; he put color after color.
(23) When he had completed his work, the girl held up the pitcher and stared at its sides, her eyes puzzled. Brows drawn, she asked: "What do they mean, all those lines and colors? What is their purpose?"
(24) The man laughed.
(25) "Nothing. A picture may have no meaning and may serve no purpose."
(26) The girl went away with her pitcher. At home, away from prying eyes, she held it in the light, turned it round and round and scanned the painting from all angles. At night she moved out of bed, lighted a lamp and scanned it again in silence. For the first time in her life she had seen something that had no meaning and no purpose at all.
(27) When she set out for the torrent the next day, her hurrying feet were a little less hurried than before. For a new sense seemed to have wakened in her, a sense that seemed to have no meaning and no purpose at all.
(28) She saw the painter standing by the torrent and asked in confusion: "What do you want of me?"
(29) "Only some more work from your hands."
(30) "What kind of work would you like?"
(31) "Let me make a colored ribbon for your hair," he answered.
(32) "And what for?"
(33) "Nothing."
(34) Ribbons were made, bright with colors. The busy girl of Workers’ Paradise had now to spend a lot of time every day tying the colored ribbon around her hair. The minutes slipped by, unutilized. Much work was left unfinished.
(35) In Workers’ Paradise work had of late begun to suffer. Many persons who had been active before were now idle, wasting their precious time on useless things such as painting and sculpture. The elders became anxious. A meeting was called. All agreed that such a state of affairs had so far been unknown in the history of Workers’ Paradise.
(36) The aerial messenger hurried in, bowing before the elders and made a confession.
(37) "I brought a wrong man into this Paradise," he said. "It is all due to him."
(38) The man was summoned. As he came the elders saw his fantastic dress, his quaint brushes, his paints, and they knew at once that he was not the right sort for Workers’ Paradise.
(39) Stiffly the President said: "This is no place for the like of you. You must leave."
(40) The man sighed in relief and gathered up his brush and paint. But as he was about to go, the girl of the silent torrent came up tripping and cried: "Wait a moment. I shall go with you."
(41) The elders gasped in surprise. Never before had a thing like this happened in Workers’ Paradise—a thing that had no meaning and no purpose at all.

III. In this section, there are ten incomplete statements or questions, followed by four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and write the corresponding letter on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points for each).
41. What do you think is the main point of the story?
A. The love of a painter for a pretty girl.
B. The opposition between beauty and utility.
C. The change of heart in a girl who used to believe in mere utility.
D. The ideal society where no time is wasted and no idler is tolerated.
42. What is the author’s attitude in this story?
A. He is indifferent to the artist.
B. He is in sympathy with the artist.
C. He is absolutely objective in telling the story.
D. He makes fun of those who believe in Paradise.
43. In the sentence "...but they lingered in his mind" in Paragraph 2, "they" refers to ______.
A. his whims
B. his vows
C. the things he made
D. the people he met
44. What is the proper meaning of the phrase "a scrap of" in Paragraph 7?
A. a lot of
B. a load of
C. a bit of
D. a pile of
45. In Paragraph 8, with the sentence "...in the Workers’ Paradise even a torrent would not waste its energy singing", the author intends to ______.
A. state a fact
B. laugh at the man
C. praise the Workers’ Paradise
D. scoff at the Workers’ Paradise
46. What is the meaning of the phrase "get the better of" in Paragraph 21 ?
A. pick
B. make use of
C. defeat
D. make fun of
47. What is the meaning of the word "quaint" in Paragraph 38?
A. disgusting
B. strange
C. ugly
D. disturbing
48. Based on the author’s description of the girl, we know that ______.
A. she was curious
B. she was not very attractive
C. she was much busier than the others
D. she was the princess of the Workers’ Paradise
49. When the elders asked the man to leave the Workers’ Paradise, the man was ______.
A. disappointed
B. worried
C. pleased
D. surprised
50. From the end of the story we can infer that ______.
A. the girl won against the elders
B. the elders won against the girl
C. the elders won against the man D. the man won against the elders
IV. Translate the following sentences into Chinese and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (10 points, 2 points for each)
51. Having had no useful work, he indulged in mad whims.
52. So it came to pass that the aerial messenger who took charge of the man made a mistake and found him a place in Workers’ Paradise.
53. Here men say: "God! We haven’t a moment to spare." Women whisper: "Let’s move on, time’s a-flying."
54. The girl’s movement on the road was like the rapid movement of a skilled hand on the strings of a guitar.
55. As a princess sees a lonely beggar and is filled with pity, so the busy girl of Heaven saw this one and was filled with pity.
V. Answer the following essay question in English within 80-100 words. Write your answers on the Answer Sheet. (10 points)
56. Do you think art is something that has no meaning and no purpose at all? Why or why not?
VI. Translate the following sentences into English and write the translation on your Answer Sheet. (20 points, 2 points each for 57-60, 4 points for 61, 8 points for 62)
57.心情好时,我可以谱写出恢弘的交响乐,绘制出壮丽的画卷.
58.这家事务所还强烈反对离婚、追求女色以及酗酒.
59.五个月前她得到杰利在战场上失踪的消息.
60.如果你一辈子都拒绝吊在眼前的诱饵,那就根本算不上活着了.
61.大概17岁到24岁期间,我试图摈弃这个念头,但这样做的同时我清楚这违背了我的本性,我知道自己迟早都要安定下来写作.
62.我认为,这几十年里报纸已经成为一种习惯,而不是一种功能.报纸已享有太长时间的特权,任何变化都会让人们难以接受.实际上,我不知道近20年里还有哪种媒体的变化像日报那样小.反对变化就是停止发展,进而使报纸失去作用.


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